Employment Reasonable Accommodations

Employment (Title I)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed July 26, 1990, as Public Law 101-336 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 12101 et seq.) and became effective on January 26, 1992. The ADA is landmark federal legislation that opens up services and employment opportunities to the 43 million Americans with disabilities. The City of Charlottesville’s Department of Human Resources provides assistance to internal city employees for Title I issues.  

  • Title I prohibits employers, including cities and towns, from discriminating against qualified job applicants and workers who have disabilities or become disabled. The law covers all aspects of employment including the application process and hiring, training, compensation, advancement, and any other employment term, condition, or privilege.


The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Civil Rights Department prohibit employment discrimination against qualified applicants and employees on the basis of disability. In accordance with the law, it is the policy of the City of Charlottesville to provide equal employment opportunities to qualified individuals with disabilities.

Who is Protected?

The law covers qualified applicants and employees with disabilities. A qualified individual with a disability is defined as an individual with a disability who meets the skill, experience, education and other job-related requirements of a position held or sought, and who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of the job.

A person with a disability is an individual who:

  • has a physical or mental impairment that limits a major life activity; or
  • has a record of such an impairment which is known to the employer; or
  • is regarded by the employer as having, or having had, such an impairment; or
  • is regarded by the employer as having, or having had, a disorder or condition that has no present disabled effect, but that may become a disability.
  • Impairments that require special education or related services are also disabilities.

Major life activities include seeing, hearing, breathing, walking, speaking, learning, working, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, lifting, and other physical, mental and social activities, etc.

Contact Information

If members of our staff have questions or need to request employment focused ADA accommodations, please reach out to

Jamie Valencia (she/her)
Deputy Director, Department of Human Resources
Email Jamie Valencia

For help with Title II and Title III of the Americans with Disability Act focused on public accommodations please reach out to the City’s ADA Coordinator under the Office of Equity and Inclusion.

The City of Charlottesville provides equal employment opportunities to all employees and applicants for employment and prohibits discrimination and harassment of any type without regard to race, color, religion, age, sex, national origin, disability status, genetics, protected veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or any other characteristic protected by federal, state or local laws.

This policy applies to all terms and conditions of employment, including recruiting, hiring, placement, promotion, termination, layoff, recall, transfer, leaves of absence, compensation and training.