What are riparian buffers?

A buffer is a vegetated strip alongside a stream. The streamside zone, also called the riparian zone, exercises very strong controls over stream conditions and is therefore vital to the health of the entire river basin. It is in this zone, where stream water makes its most intimate contact with the channel bed and banks, that much of a stream’s cleansing action and nutrient processing occurs.

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1. Why does Meadow Creek need restoration?
2. Why are sedimentation and erosion problems?
3. What are riparian buffers?
4. How do buffers protect stream health?